Vaccination consists of introducing into the body an outside agent (the vaccine) which causes the immune system to produce means of defending against an infection, without actually causing the disease.
Vaccines stimulate our defence cells to produce substances called antibodies in what is an entirely natural protective reaction. These antibodies protect a vaccinated individual against disease caused by real germs.
- are not mandatory in Canada, but they are strongly recommended; and
- are free-of-charge in most cases
Why get vaccinated?
Vaccines stimulate our defense cells to produce substances called antibodies in what is an entirely natural protective reaction. These antibodies protect a vaccinated individual against diseases.
Vaccinations are your best protection against many serious illnesses. Do not hesitate to get yours and make sure your children and relatives are vaccinated. Basic vaccines for children are offered free of charge at your CLSC. Contact your CSSS for details on who qualifies for what type of vaccine and how to go about getting an appointment.
The parent or adult who accompanies a child on the first visit for a vaccination receives a health booklet from the person who administers the vaccine. All vaccines and booster shots are recorded in this booklet. Consult the "Child vaccination" page on the Services Québec website for more information.
For more information on vaccination, see the Government of Québec's on-line Health Guide.
To find out which vaccines are recommended under the Québec Immunization Program, see Québec's regular vaccination schedule.
*Other vaccines are free of charge, subject to certain conditions.
When to Consult
Protection and prevention
What diseases do you need to get vaccinated for and when?
A vaccination schedule and data sheets on the vaccines are available on the website of the MSSS.
Twelve of the vaccine data sheets are also available in Arabic, Chinese and Spanish:
- Find out about vaccinations (MSSS)
- HPV Vaccination Program
- Canadian Paediatric Society - Immunization
- Immunization Monitoring Program ACTive
- Caring for Kids
- Canadian Coalition for Immunization Awareness and Promotion
- Public Health Agency of Canada - Canadian Immunization Guide
- National Advisory Committee on Immunization
- Immunization Action Coalition
- Meningitis Research Foundation of Canada
- American Academy of Pediatries
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- Hepatitis A vaccine
- Hepatitis B vaccine
- Influenza (flu) vaccine
- Vaccination: a good protection
- Pneumococcal conjugated vaccine
- Rabies vaccine
- Td-Polio vaccine
- Tdap vaccine
- DTap-Polio-Hib vaccine
- Meningococcal Group C Conjugate vaccine
- MMR vaccine
- Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine
- Chickenpox vaccine
S'informer sur la vaccination (MSSS)
Programme de vaccination contre le VPH - Questions et réponses pour le public (MSSS)
Faire vacciner mon enfant, c'est important (Société canadienne de pédiatrie)
Programme canadien de surveillance active de l’immunisation
Soins de nos enfants
La coalition canadienne pour la sensibilisation et la promotion de la vaccination
Santé Canada, Agence de santé publique du Canada - Guide canadien d'immunisation
Comité consultatif national de l'immunisation
Help and Resources
Vaccines for travellers
People who are planning to travel outside of the country should plan ahead and take certain precautions to make sure that they have a pleasant trip and return home safely.
For more information, see the "Health information for travellers" page.
A flu vaccine campaign is held every fall. The vaccine is free for people at high-risk for complications, such as people aged 60 and over, very young children (6 to 23 months old), people with diabetes, acute chronic anemia, cancer, chronic heart, lung or kidney disease and cystic fibrosis or any other chronic disease, as well as people in close contact with these individuals.
The pneumococcal vaccine is also offered to people aged 65 and over and to people with chronic illnesses.
The vaccination campaign starts November 1st. For more information, visit Flu or influenza section.
Vaccines for babies and young children
You will be providing your child with the best protection against certain serious diseases by having him or her vaccinated.
For more information, see the Regular vaccination schedule for children and teens.
People at Risk
Dernière mise à jour le : 2017.06.15